WHAT IS ADULT ACNE?
Spots and acne are small skin lesions or inflammations of the skin – they develop when sebaceous glands (oil glands) become clogged and infected, leading to swollen, red lesions filled with pus.
Whether you call them pimples, zits or something else even solitary spots are still regarded as acne which is why nearly all of the adult population with experience some grade of acne.
WHY DO WE GET IT?
Time to stop a myth here, acne is not the result of someone not washing, on the contrary it could be because they wash too much! Acne is also not contagious! There are many causes for acne including:
Acne can be the result of overstimulation of the sebaceous glands, the sebum oil which is produced mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin’s surface and blocks the pores. Within the blocked pore the bacteria multiplies and causes an inflammation which leads to the spots and pustules associated with acne. Pregnancy and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) are two of the most common causes of hormonal acne among women.
A side effect of stress can be an increased production of hormones, i.e. cortisol, being produced and aggravating the skin. The body also takes longer to heal when under stress which aids in the development of acne.
Genetics does play a part in susceptibility to acne. Our genetic blueprint influences thickness of skin, oily tendencies of the skin and basic hormone responses, this does not mean however that you will get acne because your parents did.
(Propionibacterium acnes or P-Acne Bacteria) is a bacteria that feeds on fatty acids in sebum, found in the sebaceous glands, thriving in the low oxygen environment deep in the follicle. The bacteria itself does not cause the acne, rather the inflammation is a result of the immune system over-reacting and sending out large amounts of white blood cells, the response can even be triggered by dead bacteria.
This is a very common cause of acne. The birth control pill, for example, utilises hormones that are synthetically made to mimic pregnancy, these hormones may have strong Androgenic (male hormone) responses which affect the creation of sebum.
Pollution and pollutants from everyday living are also a cause of acne. Dirt gets trapped in the pores and causes an inflammation which is why it’s good practice to wash the dirt of the day off your face when you get home.
Chemicals and oil-based make-up
Heavy oil-based makeup on the skin can encourage the skin to create more sebum – rather than less as expected – to compensate which can cause greater inflammation. This is why it’s very common to see actors who wear heavy makeup with acne prone skin. WHAT ARE ACNE GRADES?
WHAT ARE ACNE GRADES?
Acne is graded from one to four on a severity scale.
This mildest grade of acne consists primarily of blackheads and whiteheads that suffer no inflammation or reddening and are most often seen in adolescents, and sporadically in adults, on the nose and forehead.
Moderate acne where blackheads and whitehead can break out in greater numbers. They can come in larger papules with some appearing as large pustules with slight inflammation getting obvious. The outbreaks now appear on the cheeks, chin and jaw in addition to the nose and foreheads.
Considered severe and is often Grade II left untreated and made to worsen by squeezing the pimples and maintaining the oily dirty face that attracted those bacteria at the onset. The main difference now is the level of inflammation with the skin suffering Grade III acne exhibiting more profuse reddening and a greater number of inflamed papules and pustules. This is the grade when infection spreads and becomes deeper and the risk of scarring gets highest.
The most serious and is Grade III left untreated. The condition is medically referred to as nodulocystic or cystic acne where the skin displays numerous pustules, papules, pustules, with large cysts. There is severe inflammation and pain as cystic acne is very painful. Often the infection spreads beyond the face and into the neck, shoulders and upper arms. The deep infection makes scarring inevitable and may even require cosmetic surgery after to restore a decent looking skin.
PREVENTION AND REDUCTION
It is fundamental to understand that acne cannot be cured, but it can be managed to reduce and in many cases prevent breakouts. if you suffer with it there are ways to reduce the redness, swelling and other visible symptoms, by following a healthy lifestyle and using specialist sebum control skincare. It also helps if you avoid touching the skin, as the natural oils on your hands, as well as bacteria we all pick up in daily life, can make spots spread or become more inflamed.
If you also choose to undergo a new skincare regime or treatment package it is very important to understand what to expect for your skin, and to follow through with the recommended course. We explain that this is actually a good thing, it shows that the skin is bringing all the detritus to the surface and after that breakout has cleared the skin will be vastly improved. You can expect a small breakout after each treatment as the skin continues to expel debris that’s clogging the pores until, eventually, you are left with clear skin.
The Salicylic Resurfacer penetrates and decongests follicles, reducing redness and inflammation associated with acne while preventing future breakouts.
- Ideal for sensitive skin
- Deeply exfoliates, clearing the pore of all debris and oil
- Releases hardened sebum while quashing oil
- Reduces future breakouts
ISOLAZ IPL LASER
Isolaz is the only laser treatment for acne which the treatment of the four different types of acne, which are otherwise difficult conditions to treat.
- Improves skin texture
- Reduces pore size appearance
- Helps remove blackheads, oil, and debris
- Deep pore cleansing acne treatment
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